I was not able to refine this work, but I am posting it here to share a sample – also, to save the concept of this research since this was not accepted because I was not able to beat the deadline they have set T_T
An unfortunate reality, which is very common across the word’s indigenous peoples, is the congenital inequality in terms of health status compared to the non-indigenous populations. In looking at a closer examination, literature support the claim that these people have different orientation about health status and health service needs. They have their own indigenous concepts of health and illness, which is different from those of the general scientific knowledge (Castro et al., 2016).
Globally, indigenous peoples suffer from poorer health and are more likely to experience disability, and reduced quality of life. Indigenous women experience health problems with particular severity, as they are disproportionately affected by natural disasters and armed conflicts, and are often denied access to education, land property, and other economic resources. Indigenous youth and adolescents face particular challenges in the realization of their right to health that are often not adequately addressed, including sexual and reproductive health and rights, and mental health (Smith, 2013).
Furthermore, in digging into the situation of the right to health of indigenous peoples in Asia, the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) provides that, among others, indigenous peoples have the right, without any discrimination, to the improvement of their economic and social condition, including sanitation and health. As suggested, statistical and health data collection is a key challenge in addressing Indigenous health disparities across the world and within regions (Smylie & Firestone, 2016).
Specifically, in the Philippine setting, it was described that one of the many challenges faced by indigenous peoples is disparities in health situation. Data indicates that circumstances of extreme poverty are significantly more prevalent among indigenous peoples than non-indigenous groups, and are rooted in other factors, such as a lack of access to education and social services. It should be noted that literatures support for the association between education and health is strong (Hibbard & Greene, 2013; Smith, 2013).
Thus, this study will be conducted in order to use Health Science Education (HSE) to promote information drive to the IP community. Participants of this research endeavor will be provided with opportunities to develop a comprehensive understanding of current practice in health science pedagogy and research principles in health science education.
As background of the target IP Community, Balay Paglaum is a triangulated project of the Division of Panabo City supported by the Local Government Unit with the full backing of the Tribal Leaders and the Department of Education. It is a shelter intended for the IP learners who are and who will be enrolled at Roxas Elementary School and Sindaton National High School Annex. The structure aims to lower and eventually eradicate the dropout rate among IP learners, a vehicle to improve IP learners’ academic performance and to help augment expenses of the IP families who are living 15-20 kilometers away from the said schools (Mendoza, 2015).
Objectives of the Study
This Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) will be conducted in order to assess the needs of the IP community in relation to Health Science Education. Specifically, this study aims to answer the following questions:
1. What is the demographic profile of the beneficiaries of Balay sa Paglaum IP Community in Lower Panaga, Panabo City in terms of:
2. What are the needs of the IP Community in relation to Health Science Education through the lens of:
2.a Indigenous Peoples
2.c Local Government Unit of Panabo
3. What are the coping mechanisms of the IP Community and intervention activities of the stakeholders in order to deliver health science education to the community?
4. What are the insights gained by the participants after the conduct of this community-based participatory research?
In order to realize the objectives of this study and complete the cycle of a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR), presented in this segment are the details on how the study will be conducted. Research Design This study will be utilizing both the Quantitative and Qualitative Research Design for data saturation purposes. In quantitative way of acquiring information, an evaluative technique will be employed using a researcher-made Needs Assessment Questionnaire. The usage of qualitative data will be suitable in describing and exploring the current status of Balay sa Paglaum IP beneficiaries in relation to their acquisition of Health Science Education. As there will be a proposed intervention scheme, which will be a series of Information Drive Activities to the research beneficiaries, qualitative data will be collected during the evaluation of the conducted undertakings in a form of in-depth interviews (IDI) and focus group discussions (FGD).
This academic effort will be following the principles of a Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) as in entails action, rather than getting just the information about the problem, which is why some researchers are tagging CBPR as a type of an Action Research. The researchers opted to use this specific type of research as it adds to academic and other professional research with research done by community members, so that research results both come from and go directly back to the people who need them most and can make the best use of them.
As stated by Israel et al. (1998 and 2003), CBPR recognizes community as a unit of identify. It also builds strengths and resources within the community; facilitates collaborative partnership in all phases of the research; integrates knowledge and action for mutual benefit of all partners; promotes a co-learning and empowering process that attends to social inequalities; addresses health from both positive and ecological perspectives and disseminates findings and knowledge gained to all partners.
Furthermore, action research, by involving community members, creates more visibility for the effort in the community. The research participants will be the Balay sa Paglaum IP Beneficiaries, Pre-Service Science Educators of the Institution as well as the LGU of Panabo personnel who will provide assistance in the completion of this undertaking.
III. EXPECTED OUTPUTS / OUTCOMES
At one end of the spectrum is a complete academic research that will move forward to build partnerships with the LGU of Panabo, IP Community and other stakeholders of the society, who advocate health science education for the benefit of the indigenous peoples of the city. After the feeding back and interpreting of the research findings, the researchers hoped to build linkages with the other stakeholders of Balay sa Paglaum Project in order to maintain and sustain the intervention programs initiated. This will in turn help the college its Community Extension Programs since the completion of the research undertaking can lead to adoption of the IP community, which will be a venue for the college to share with the public, what we already have.
Castro, F., Zúñiga, J., Higuera, G., Donderis, M. C., Gómez, B., & Motta, J. (2016). Indigenous ethnicity and low maternal education are associated with delayed diagnosis and mortality in infants with congenital heart defects in Panama. PloS one, 11(9), e0163168.
Hibbard, J. H., & Greene, J. (2013). What the evidence shows about patient activation: better health outcomes and care experiences; fewer data on costs. Health affairs, 32(2), 207-214.
Israel, B. A., Schulz, A. J., Parker, E. A., & Becker, A. B. (2008). Critical issues in developing and following community-based participatory research principles. In Community-based participatory research for health. Jossey-Bass.
Smith, L. T. (2013). Decolonizing methodologies: Research and indigenous peoples. Zed Books Ltd..
Smylie, J., & Firestone, M. (2016). The health of indigenous peoples. D. Raphael (3rd ed.) Social determinants of health: Canadian perspective, 434-469.